Thomas Richard Guy Usborne    
Born October 9th 1900.
Sub-lieutenant. R.N.
Killed at Kronstadt, Russia,
August 18th 1919 in the Bolshevik revolution.
Mentioned in dispatches.        
Kronstadt is a naval fortress on an island in the Gulf of Finland. It is ice-bound in winter.
It has served as the base of the Russian Baltic fleet guarding the approaches to the city of St. Petersburg       

Coastal Motor Boat

See Illustrated London News
August 30th 1919

Battleship Andrei Pervozvannyi
sunk August 18th 1919

A brilliant naval exploit:
Roger Partridge writes: "At this time (1919) there was a Royal Navy squadron under Admiral Sir Walter Cowan operating in the Gulf of Finland to support the Finns, Estonians and White Russians in their struggles against the Bolsheviks. Their great worry was that the Russians would send out the battleships which were stationed at the fortress of Kronstadt and which would heavily outgun Cowan's cruisers. The then Lieutenant Agar was operating a small squadron of very fast 'Coastal Motor Boats' from a secret base at Terrioki which was just inside Finland - they were mainly used to take and collect secret agents who were being smuggled in to Petrograd/Leningrad, but they could also carry torpedoes. On the night of 18-19 August 1919 eight of these 'CMBs' carried out a daring raid on the Kronstadt naval dock-yard and sank 2 battleships and a submarine depot-ship and also did a lot of other damage. Unfortunately 4 officers and 4 ratings were killed and 9 were taken prisoner, not returning for about 6 months. Two V.C.s, 6 D.S.O.s, 8 D.S.C.s and 15 D.S.M.s were awarded; three aircraft of the recently formed Royal Air Force also took part in the raid, especially to divert the gunners at the fortress."  Read more in "Cowan's War - The story of British naval operations in the Baltic, 1918-1920" by Geoffery Bennett. Collins, London 1964.

Guy's name can be found on the war memorial at ST LEONARDS CHURCH, BURSLEDON, HAMPSHIRE